Local Botany

A botanical survey carried out in May 2009 on the field to the south of Craig y Llydan revealed the following species, some of which are rare and protected. The grazing animals help reduce the cover of Marram grass and Molinia where they are very thick and encourage some of the species from the more diverse area to spread.

 

Botanical Name Common Name
Achillea millefolium Yarrow
Agrostis capillaris Common Bent
Agrostis stolonifera Creeping Bent
Aira praecox Early Hair-grass
Alisma plantago-aquatica Water-plantain
Ammophila arenaria Marram
Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet Vernal-grass
Anthyllis vulneraria Kidney Vetch
Arenaria serpyllifolia Thyme-leaved Sandwort
Bellis perennis Daisy
Calystegia soldanella Sea Bindweed
Carex arenaria Sand Sedge
Carex flacca Glaucous Sedge
Carex hirta Hairy Sedge
Carex nigra Common Sedge
Carex otrubae False Fox-sedge
Carex pulicaris Flea Sedge
Centaurea nigra Common Knapweed
Centaurium erythraea Common Centaury
Centaurium littorale Seaside Centaury
Cerastium fontanum Common Mouse-ear
Chamerion angustifolium Rosebay Willowherb
Cirsium arvense Creeping Thistle
Cirsium palustre Marsh Thistle
Cirsium vulgare Spear Thistle
Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn
Dactylis glomerata Cock’s-foot
Dactylorhiza purpurella Northern Marsh-orchid
Daucus carota Carrot
Epilobium hirsutum Great Willowherb
Equisetum arvense Field Horsetail
Erodium cicutarium agg. Common Stork’s-bill
Euphorbia paralias Sea Spurge
Euphrasia officinalis agg. Eyebright
Festuca ovina agg. Sheep’s-fescue
Festuca rubra agg. Red Fescue
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet
Galium aparine Cleavers
Galium verum Lady’s Bedstraw
Geranium sanguineum Bloody Crane’s-bill
Glechoma hederacea Ground-ivy
Heracleum sphondylium Hogweed
Holcus lanatus Yorkshire-fog
Hydrocotyle vulgaris Marsh Pennywort
Hypericum tetrapterum Square-stalked St John’s-wort
Hypochaeris radicata Cat’s-ear
Iris pseudacorus Yellow Iris
Juncus effusus Soft-rush
Lathyrus pratensis Meadow Vetchling
Leymus arenarius Lyme-grass
Linum catharticum Fairy Flax
Lotus corniculatus Common Bird’s-foot-trefoil
Luzula campestris Field Wood-rush
Malus domestica Apple
Mentha aquatica Water Mint
Molinia caerulea Purple Moor-grass
Myosotis ramosissima Early Forget-me-not
Ononis repens Common Restharrow
Ophioglossum vulgatum Adder’s-tongue
Persicaria amphibia Amphibious Bistort
Phragmites australis Common Reed
Pilosella officinarum Mouse-ear-hawkweed
Plantago lanceolata Ribwort Plantain
Poa annua Annual Meadow-grass
Poa pratensis sens. lat. Smooth Meadow-grass
Poa trivialis Rough Meadow-grass
Polygala vulgaris Common Milkwort
Potentilla anserina Silverweed
Potentilla palustris Marsh Cinquefoil
Potentilla reptans Creeping Cinquefoil
Prunella vulgaris Selfheal
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn
Ranunculus acris Meadow Buttercup
Ranunculus bulbosus Bulbous Buttercup
Ranunculus flammula Lesser Spearwort
Ranunculus lingua Greater Spearwort
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum agg. Water-cress
Rosa pimpinellifolia Burnet Rose
Rubus caesius Dewberry
Rumex acetosa Common Sorrel
Rumex crispus Curled Dock
Scilla verna Spring Squill
Sedum acre Biting Stonecrop
Senecio jacobaea Common Ragwort
Senecio vulgaris Groundsel
Solanum dulcamara Bittersweet
Sonchus arvensis Perennial Sow-thistle
Sonchus asper Prickly Sow-thistle
Sonchus oleraceus Smooth Sow-thistle
Taraxacum agg. Dandelion
Thalictrum minus Lesser Meadow-rue
Thymus polytrichus Wild Thyme
Trifolium dubium Lesser Trefoil
Trifolium pratense Red Clover
Urtica dioica Common Nettle
Valerianella locusta Common Cornsalad
Veronica arvensis Wall Speedwell
Veronica chamaedrys Germander Speedwell
Vicia sativa Common Vetch
Viola canina Heath Dog-violet
Viola riviniana Common Dog-violet
Viola tricolor subsp. curtisii Seaside Pansy
Total: 102 species